0708-1300/Errata to Bredon's Book

From Drorbn
Jump to navigationJump to search
Announcements go here

Problem 1, p. 71.

There is a counterexample to the inverse implication in Problem 1, p. 71.

Let be endowed with the ordinary topology (thus, it is Hausdorff and second countable). Let be an arbitrary connected open set in (that is, an interval). Let consists of all functions identically equal to constant. If is an arbitrary open set, then by theorem on structure of open sets in it is a union of countably many open intervals. We define to be the set of all real-valued functions which are constant on open intervals forming . The family forms a functional structure, as one can check. Furthermore, it satisfies the hypothesis of the theorem: every point has a neighborhood (we take an open interval containing ) such that there exists a function (we define it to be identically equal to ) such that a function is in (it is identically equal to a constant by our definition) if and only if there exists a smooth function such that (if is given, then we define for all , if is given, then we take arbitrary smooth , since is identically equal to constant and, thus, is in ). Clearly, is not a smooth manifold. Even taking as any second countable topological space with the functional structure of constant functions will do the work.

Adding to the statement of the problem that the function is invertible we get a correct theorem. Maybe other weakening of this condition works.

Problem 4, p. 88.

Last line of problem 4 says "Also show that XY itself is not a vector field." and should say "Also show that XY itself is not always a vector field." There are trivial examples in which XY is a vector field. For example if X is identically zero. There are non-trivial examples too but lets give them after the due day of Homework III because I'm sure you will enjoy finding those examples by your self.