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Week of...

Notes and Links

1

Sep 10

About This Class. Monday: Introduction and the Brachistochrone. Tuesday: More on the Brachistochrone, administrative issues. Tuesday Notes. Friday: Some basic techniques: first order linear equations.

2

Sep 17

Monday: Separated equations, escape velocities. HW1. Tuesday: Escape velocities, changing source and target coordinates, homogeneous equations. Friday: Reverse engineering separated and exact equations.

3

Sep 24

Monday: Solving exact equations, integration factors. HW2. Tuesday: Statement of the Fundamental Theorem. Class Photo. Friday: Proof of the Fundamental Theorem.

4

Oct 1

Monday: Last notes on the fundamental theorem. HW3. Tuesday Hour 1: The chain law, examples of variational problems. Tuesday Hour 2: Deriving EulerLagrange. Friday: Reductions of EulerLagrange.

5

Oct 8

Monday is thanksgiving. Tuesday: Lagrange multiplyers and the isoperimetric inequality. HW4. Friday: More Lagrange multipliers, numerical methods.

6

Oct 15

Monday: Euler and improved Euler. Tuesday: Evaluating the local error, RungeKutta, and a comparison of methods. Friday: Numerical integration, high order constant coefficient homogeneous linear ODEs.

7

Oct 22

Monday: Multiple roots, reduction of order, undetermined coefficients. Tuesday: From systems to matrix exponentiation. HW5. Term Test on Friday.

8

Oct 29

Monday: The basic properties of matrix exponentiation. Tuesday: Matrix exponentiation: examples. Friday: Phase Portraits. HW6. Nov 4 was the last day to drop this class

9

Nov 5

Monday: Nonhomogeneous systems. Tuesday: The Catalan numbers, power series, and ODEs. Friday: Global existence for linear ODEs, the Wronskian.

10

Nov 12

MondayTuesday is UofT November break. HW7. Friday: Series solutions for $y'=f(x,y)$.

11

Nov 19

Monday: $\pi$ is irrational, more on the radius of convergence. Tuesday (class): Airy's equation, Fuchs' theorem. Tuesday (tutorial): Regular singular points. HW8. Friday: Discussion of regular singular points..

12

Nov 26

Monday: Frobenius series by computer. Qualitative Analysis Handout (PDF). Tuesday: The basic oscillation theorem. Handout on the Frobenius Method. HW9. Friday: Nonoscillation, Sturm comparison.

13

Dec 3

Monday: More Sturm comparisons, changing the independent variable. Tuesday: Amplitudes of oscillations. Last class was on Tuesday!

F1

Dec 10


F2

Dec 17

The Final Exam (time, place, style, office hours times)

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This assignment is due in class on Tuesday November 27. Here and everywhere, neatness counts!! You may be brilliant and you may mean just the right things, but if your readers have a hard time deciphering your work they will give up and assume it is wrong.
Task 1. Find the singular (that is, nonordinary) points of the equation below, and for each one decide if it is regular or not:
$x(1x^{2})^{3}y''+(1x^{2})^{2}y'+2(1+x)y=0$
Task 2. Find the general solution of the following two equations:
 $x^{2}y''3xy'+4y=0$
 $x^{2}y''+2xy'+y=0$
(You are allowed to use complex numbers within the derivation, but your solutions should be realvalued).
Task 3. Using power series, find two linearly independent solutions for each of the equations
 $2xy''+y'+xy=0$
 $x^{2}y''+xy'+2xy=0$
Task 4. An equation $p(x)y''+q(x)y'+r(x)y=0$ is said to have a regular singular at $x=\infty$ if the equation obtained from it by the change of substitution $x=1/t$ has a regular singular point at $t=0$. Write explicitly the conditions on $p$, $q$, and $r$ that this entails.

Dror's notes above / Student's notes below


Solutions Vsbdthrsh
Solutions to HW8: Dongwoo.kang