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Week of...

Notes and Links

1

Sep 10

About This Class. Monday: Introduction and the Brachistochrone. Tuesday: More on the Brachistochrone, administrative issues. Tuesday Notes. Friday: Some basic techniques: first order linear equations.

2

Sep 17

Monday: Separated equations, escape velocities. HW1. Tuesday: Escape velocities, changing source and target coordinates, homogeneous equations. Friday: Reverse engineering separated and exact equations.

3

Sep 24

Monday: Solving exact equations, integration factors. HW2. Tuesday: Statement of the Fundamental Theorem. Class Photo. Friday: Proof of the Fundamental Theorem.

4

Oct 1

Monday: Last notes on the fundamental theorem. HW3. Tuesday Hour 1: The chain law, examples of variational problems. Tuesday Hour 2: Deriving EulerLagrange. Friday: Reductions of EulerLagrange.

5

Oct 8

Monday is thanksgiving. Tuesday: Lagrange multiplyers and the isoperimetric inequality. HW4. Friday: More Lagrange multipliers, numerical methods.

6

Oct 15

Monday: Euler and improved Euler. Tuesday: Evaluating the local error, RungeKutta, and a comparison of methods. Friday: Numerical integration, high order constant coefficient homogeneous linear ODEs.

7

Oct 22

Monday: Multiple roots, reduction of order, undetermined coefficients. Tuesday: From systems to matrix exponentiation. HW5. Term Test on Friday.

8

Oct 29

Monday: The basic properties of matrix exponentiation. Tuesday: Matrix exponentiation: examples. Friday: Phase Portraits. HW6. Nov 4 was the last day to drop this class

9

Nov 5

Monday: Nonhomogeneous systems. Tuesday: The Catalan numbers, power series, and ODEs. Friday: Global existence for linear ODEs, the Wronskian.

10

Nov 12

MondayTuesday is UofT November break. HW7. Friday: Series solutions for $y'=f(x,y)$.

11

Nov 19

Monday: $\pi$ is irrational, more on the radius of convergence. Tuesday (class): Airy's equation, Fuchs' theorem. Tuesday (tutorial): Regular singular points. HW8. Friday: Discussion of regular singular points..

12

Nov 26

Monday: Frobenius series by computer. Qualitative Analysis Handout (PDF). Tuesday: The basic oscillation theorem. Handout on the Frobenius Method. HW9. Friday: Nonoscillation, Sturm comparison.

13

Dec 3

Monday: More Sturm comparisons, changing the independent variable. Tuesday: Amplitudes of oscillations. Last class was on Tuesday!

F1

Dec 10


F2

Dec 17

The Final Exam (time, place, style, office hours times)

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This assignment is due in class on Friday November 23. Here and everywhere, neatness counts!! You may be brilliant and you may mean just the right things, but if your readers have a hard time deciphering your work they will give up and assume it is wrong.
Task 1. Find the radius of convergence of the series
 $\sum _{n=0}^{\infty }2^{n}x^{n}$.
 $\sum _{n=0}^{\infty }{\frac {n}{2^{n}}}x^{n}$.
 $\sum _{n=0}^{\infty }{\frac {(2x+1)^{n}}{n^{2}}}$ near $x={\frac {1}{2}}$.
Task 2. Solve the equation $(y')^{2}=1y^{2}$ with $y(0)=0$ and $y'(0)>0$ using power series up to and including the coefficient of $x^{5}$. Then compare your result with the Taylor expansion of the exact solution.
Task 3. Find the recurrence relation defining the power series solutions of the following equations:
 $y''xy'y=0$ with $y(0)=1$ and $y'(0)=0$.
 $y''xy'y=0$ with $y(1)=1$ and $y'(1)=0$.
 $(1x)y''+y=0$ with $y(0)=0$ and $y'(0)=1$.
Task 4. In view of the theorem about convergence of power series solutions (Fuchs' theorem), give a lower bound on the radius of convergence of the series solution of the equation $(x^{2}2x3)y''+xy'+4y=0$ near $x=0$.
Task 5.
 Find a recurrence relation satisfied by $a_{n}:={\begin{pmatrix}2n\\n\end{pmatrix}}$.
 Find a differential equation satisfied by $y(x):=\sum _{n=0}^{\infty }{\begin{pmatrix}2n\\n\end{pmatrix}}x^{n}$.
 Solve that equation to determine $y(x)$ in general, and $\sum _{n=0}^{\infty }{\frac {1}{5^{n}}}{\begin{pmatrix}2n\\n\end{pmatrix}}$ in particular.

Dror's notes above / Student's notes below


Solutions Vsbdthrsh