Welcome to Math 1100! (additions to this web site no longer count towards good deed points)

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Week of...

Notes and Links

1

Sep 8

About This Class; Monday  Non Commutative Gaussian Elimination; Thursday  the category of groups, automorphisms and conjugations, images and kernels.

2

Sep 15

Monday  coset spaces, isomorphism theorems; Thursday  simple groups, JordanHolder decomposition series.

3

Sep 22

Monday  alternating groups, group actions, The Simplicity of the Alternating Groups, HW1, HW 1 Solutions, Class Photo; Thursday  group actions, OrbitStabilizer Thm, Class Equation.

4

Sep 29

Monday  Cauchy's Thm, Sylow 1; Thursday  Sylow 2.

5

Oct 6

Monday  Sylow 3, semidirect products, braids; HW2; HW 2 Solutions; Thursday  braids, groups of order 12, Braids

6

Oct 13

No class Monday (Thanksgiving); Thursday  groups of order 12 cont'd.

7

Oct 20

Term Test; Term Test Solutions on Monday, HW3; HW 3 Solutions; Thursday  solvable groups, rings: defn's & examples.

8

Oct 27

Monday  functors, CayleyHamilton Thm, ideals, iso thm 1; Thursday  iso thms 24, integral domains, maximal ideals, One Theorem, Three Corollaries, Five Weeks

9

Nov 3

Monday  prime ideals, primes & irreducibles, UFD's, Euc.Domain$\Rightarrow$PID, Thursday  Noetherian rings, PID$\Rightarrow$UFD, Euclidean Algorithm, modules: defn & examples, HW4, HW 4 Solutions

10

Nov 10

Monday  R is a PID iff R has a DH norm, Rmodules, direct sums, every f.g. module is given by a presentation matrix, Thursday  row & column reductions plus, existence part of Thm 1 in 1t3c5w handout.

11

Nov 17

MondayTuesday is UofT's Fall Break, HW5, Thursday  1t3c5w handout cont'd, JCF Tricks & Programs handout

12

Nov 24

Monday  JCF Tricks & Programs cont'd, tensor products, Thursday  tensor products cont'd

13

Dec 1

EndofCourse Schedule; Monday  tensor products finale, extension/reduction of scalars, uniqueness part of Thm 1 in 1t3c5w, localization & fields of fractions; Wednesday is a "makeup Monday"!; Notes for Studying for the Final Exam Glossary of terms

F

Dec 15

The Final Exam

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See Non Commutative Gaussian Elimination


This assignment is due at class time on Thursday, November 6, 2011.
Solve the following questions
Problem 1. (easy)
 Prove that in any ring, $(1)^{2}=1$.
 Prove that even in a ring without a unit, $(a)^{2}=a^{2}$.
(Feel free to do the second part first and then to substitute $a=1$).
Problem 2.
 (Qualifying exam, April 2009) Prove that a finite integral domain is a field.
 (Qualifying exam, September 2008) Prove that in a finite commutative ring, every prime ideal is maximal.
Problem 3. (Dummit and Foote) A ring $R$ is called a Boolean ring if $a^{2}=a$ for all $a\in R$.
 Prove that every Boolean ring is commutative.
 Prove that the only Boolean ring that is also an integral domain is ${\mathbb {Z} }/2$.
Problem 4. (Selick) In a ring $R$, an element $x$ is called "nilpotent" if for some positive $n$, $x^{n}=0$. Let $\eta (R)$ be the set of all nilpotent elements of $R$.
 Prove that if $R$ is commutative then $\eta (R)$ is an ideal.
 Give an example of a noncommutative ring $R$ in which $\eta (R)$ is not an ideal.
Problem 5. (comprehensive exam, 2009) Let $A$ be a commutative ring. Show that a polynomial $f\in A[x]$ is invertible in $A[x]$ iff its constant term is invertible in $A$ and the rest of its coefficients are nilpotent.
Problem 6. (bonus) Let $S$ be the ring of bounded sequences of real numbers with pointwise addition and multiplication, let $I$ be the ideal made of all sequences that are equal to $0$ except in at most finitely many places, and let $J$ be a maximal ideal in $S$ containing $I$.
 Prove that $S/J\simeq {\mathbb {R} }$.
 Denote by $\operatorname {Lim} _{J}$ the projection of $S$ to $S/J$ composed with the identification of the latter with ${\mathbb {R} }$, so that $\operatorname {Lim} _{J}:S\to {\mathbb {R} }$. Prove that for any scalar $c\in {\mathbb {R} }$ and any bounded sequences $(a_{n}),(b_{n})\in S$, we have that $\operatorname {Lim} _{J}(ca_{n})=c\cdot \operatorname {Lim} _{J}(a_{n})$, $\operatorname {Lim} _{J}(a_{n}+b_{n})=\operatorname {Lim} _{J}(a_{n})+\operatorname {Lim} _{J}(b_{n})$, and $\operatorname {Lim} _{J}(a_{n}b_{n})=(\operatorname {Lim} _{J}(a_{n}))(\operatorname {Lim} _{J}(b_{n}))$. (Easy, no bonuses for this part).
 Prove that if $\lim a_{n}=\alpha$ in the ordinary sense of limits of sequences, then $\operatorname {Lim} _{J}a_{n}=\alpha$.
 Is there a $J$ for which $\operatorname {Lim} _{J}$ is also translation invariant, namely such that $\operatorname {Lim} _{J}(a_{n})=\operatorname {Lim} _{J}(a_{n+1})$? (Again, easy).
Warning. The right order for solving these questions is not necessarily the order in which they are presented.
Opinion. The sum total of all that is that using the axiom of choice you can construct things that are both too good to be true and not really useful anyway. Blame the axiom of choice, don't blame me.
Term Test
The MAT 1100 Core Algebra I Term Test took place on Monday October 20 at 1:10PM at Bahen 6183. Here's the PDF: TT1100.pdf.
The average grade is about 77.5/100 and the standard deviation is about 20. The complete list of grades is as follows:
100 100 100 99 98 96 94 89 76 70 65 63 61 60 56 54 37
Appeals
Remember! Grading is a difficult process and mistakes always happen  solutions get misread, parts are forgotten, grades are not added up correctly. You must read your exam and make sure that you understand how it was graded. If you disagree with anything, don't hesitate to complain!
The deadline to start the appeal process is Thursday October 30 at 2:30PM.

Dror's notes above / Student's notes below

